It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area.Neighbouring countries include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.For about 50,000 years After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788.

Note: A registrable offender is generally employed at particular premises only if the offender is employed at the premises for at least 7 days (whether or not consecutive) in a period of 12 months (see s 60(d)). The Commissioner of Police must ensure that any information in the Register about a person to whom Division 5 applies, whose identity is apparent or can reasonably be ascertained from that information, cannot be accessed other than by a person authorised by the officer responsible for the day-to-day operation of the witness protection program.

A person must not disclose any information relating to a registrable person obtained in connection with the administration or execution of this Act, unless the disclosure: Keep police informed of their whereabouts and other personal details for a period of time, to reduce the likelihood that they will re-offend, and to facilitate the investigation and prosecution of any future offences that they may commit, and for related purposes .

To reduce the likelihood that they will reoffend and to facilitate the investigation of any future offences that they may commit), to enable courts to make orders specifying certain offenders to be reportable offenders, and for related purposes A person (a) whom a court, on or after the commencement of this Act, sentences for a reportable offence; or (b) whom the court is satisfied poses a risk of committing a reportable offence in the future Class 1 offence: 8 years Multiple class 1 offences: 15 years Class 2 offence: 15 years Class 3 offence: 15 years Offence under s 158 of the Criminal Code (murder): Life (when committed in conjunction with a Class 1,2, or 3 offence) Class 3 offence, and then commits and sentenced for Class 2 or Class 3 offence: Life To reduce the likelihood that they will re-offend and to facilitate the investigation and prosecution of any future offences that they may commit, to enable information to be published about certain offenders, to enable courts to make orders prohibiting certain offenders from engaging in specified conduct, and for related purposes.

is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia.

Since federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states and several territories.

The population of 24 million Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest.

The following information was compiled by staff from the Australian Institute of Family Studies at the request of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.

Last updated: June 2013 Users should check relevant legislation to be sure there have been no changes since this time.