Thanks to Jeff Altman, who joined the Kermit Project in 1995, for much of what you see in C-Kermit 7.0, especially in the networking and security areas, and his key role in designing and implementing the Internet Kermit Service Daemon. For convenience (and for familiarity to C programmers), the two-word FILE commands can be shortened to the single words FOPEN, FREAD, FWRITE, FCLOSE, and so on.And special thanks to Lucas Hart for lots of help with the VMS version; to Peter Eichhorn for continuous testing on the full range of HP-UX versions and for a consolidated set of HP-UX makefile targets; and to Colin Allen, Mark Allen, Roger Allen, Ric Anderson, William Bader, Mitch Baker, Mitchell Bass, Nelson Beebe, Gerry Belanger, Jeff Bernsten, Mark Berryman, John Bigg, Volker Borchert, Jonathan Boswell, Tim Boyer, Frederick Bruckman, Kenneth Cochran, Jared Crapo, Bill Delaney, Igor Sobrado Delgado, Clarence Dold, Joe Doupnik, John Dunlap, Max Evarts, Patrick French, Carl Friedberg, Carl Friend, Hirofumi Fujii, Andrew Gabriel, Gabe Garza, Boyd Gerber, David Gerber, George Gilmer, Hunter Goatley, DJ Hagberg, Kevin Handy, Andy Harper, Randolph Herber, Sven Holström, Michal Jaegermann, Graham Jenkins, Dick Jones, Terry Kennedy, Robert D Keys, Nick Kisseberth, Igor Kovalenko, David Lane, Adam Laurie, Jeff Liebermann, Eric Lonvick, Hoi Wan Louis, Arthur Marsh, Gregorie Martin, Peter Mauzey, Dragan Milicic, Todd Miller, Christian Mondrup, Daniel Morato, Dat Nguyen, Herb Peyerl, Jean-Pierre Radley, Steve Rance, Stephen Riehm, Nigel Roles, Larry Rosenman, Jay S Rouman, David Sanderson, John Santos, Michael Schmitz, Steven Schultz, Bob Shair, Richard Shuford, Fred Smith, Michael Sokolov, Jim Spath, Peter Szell, Ted T'so, Brian Tillman, Linus Torvalds, Patrick Volkerding, Martin Vorländer, Steve Walton, Ken Weaverling, John Weekley, Martin Whitaker, Jim Whitby, Matt Willman, Joellen Windsor, Farrell Woods, and many others for binaries, hosting, reviews, suggestions, advice, bug reports, and all the rest over the 3+ year C-Kermit 7.0 development cycle. Switches are optional, and modify or amplify the requested file function.Thanks to Russ Nelson and the board of the Open Software Initiative ( for their cooperation in developing the new C-Kermit license and to the proprietors of those free UNIX distributions that have incorporated C-Kermit 7.0 for their cooperation and support, especially Free BSD's Jörg Wunsch. As in C, Fortran, and other programming languages, open files are referred to by "channels", integers such as 0, 1, 2, 3, and so on. The number of available channels depends on the underlying operating system, and can be seen in the variable: or by giving the FILE LIST (FLIST) command.

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Gianone Address: The Kermit Project Columbia University 612 West 115th Street New York NY 10025-7799 USA Fax: +1 (212) 662-6442 E-Mail: [email protected]: Or: Or: Copyright © 1985, 2000, Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Portions Copyright © 1990, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Passing DOS Filenames from Kermit to Shell Commands 1.11.4. Passing DOS Filenames as Parameters to Macros 1.11.6. The options are listed in alphabetical order to make any particular option easier to find.

TXT file or the copyright text in the ckcmai.c module for disclaimer and permissions. Here's a sample of the bottom section for the Sun OS version: C-Kermit 7.0.196, Major optional features included: Network support (type SHOW NET for further info) Telnet Kermit Option Hardware flow control External XYZMODEM protocol support Latin-1 (West European) character-set translation Latin-2 (East European) character-set translation Cyrillic (Russian, Ukrainian, etc) character-set translation Greek character-set translation Hebrew character-set translation Japanese character-set translation Unicode character-set translation Pseudoterminal control REDIRECT command RESEND command Fullscreen file transfer display Control-character unprefixing Streaming Autodownload Major optional features not included: No Kerberos(TM) authentication No SRP(TM) (Secure Remote Password) protocol No Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol No Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol No encryption No X Windows forwarding Host info: Machine: sun4m Model: (unknown) OS: Sun OS OS Release: 4.1.3_U1 OS Version: 4 Target: sunos41gsc GCC version: 2.7.2 Compiled Dec 31 1999 , options: __GNUC__ __STDC__ _POSIX_JOB_CONTROL _SC_JOB_CONTROL ARRAYREFLEN=1024 BIGBUFOK BROWSER BSD4 CK_ANSIC CK_APC CK_AUTODL CK_CURSES CK_DNS_SRV CK_ENVIRONMENT CK_FAST CK_LOGIN CK_MKDIR CK_NAWS CK_PCT_BAR CK_PERMS CK_RECALL CK_RTSCTS CK_SPEED CK_TIMERS CK_TMPDIR CK_TTGWSIZ CK_TTYFD CK_WREFRESH CKEXEC CKFLOAT=double CKGHNLHOST ckmaxfiles=64 CKMAXOPEN=64 CKMAXPATH=1023 CKREALPATH CKREGEX CKSYSLOG CKTUNING CMDBL=32763 CMDDEP=64 CONGSPD DCMDBUF DIRENT DYNAMIC FNFLOAT FORDEPTH=32 GFTIMER HADDRLIST HDBUUCP IFDEBUG IKS_OPTION IKSDB IKSDCONF INBUFSIZE=32768 INPBUFSIZ=4096 MAC_MAX=16384 MACLEVEL=128 MAXDDIR=32 MAXDNUMS=4095 MAXGETPATH=128 MAXTAKE=54 MAXWLD=102400 MSENDMAX=1024 NETCMD NETCONN NETPTY NOKVERBS NOSETBUF OBUFSIZE=32768 PARSENSE PATTERNS PIPESEND RENAME RLOGCODE SAVEDUID SELECT SIG_V SOL_SOCKET sparc STREAMING sun SUNOS4 SYSTIMEH TCPSOCKET TIMEH TLOG TNCODE TTLEBUF TTSPDLIST UIDBUFLEN=256 UNIX UNPREFIXZERO USE_LSTAT USE_MEMCPY VNAML=4096 WHATAMI XFRCAN Z_MAXCHAN=46 z_maxchan=46 ZXREWIND byte order: big endian sizeofs: int=4 long=4 short=2 char=1 char*=4 float=4 double=8 floating-point: precision=16 rounding=1 The Options section shows symbols ("macros") in effect during compilation, together with their values (for those that have values).

Portions Copyright © 1991, 1993 Regents of the University of California. Passing DOS File Names from Macro Parameters to the DOS Shell 1.11.7. Automatic File-Transfer Packet Recognition at the Command Prompt 1.15. Important items for script writers include: CMDBL=32763 (the size of the command buffer and therefore the maximum length for a macro or variable definition; CMDDEP=64 (the limit on recursion depth); FORDEPTH=32 (the nesting limit on FOR loops); INBUFSIZE=32768 (the size of the INPUT command circular buffer); MAC_MAX=16384 (the maximum number of macros), etc. C-Kermit 7.0 adds a new generalized I/O system for stream files, augmenting (and to some extent, overlapping with) the older OPEN, READ, WRITE, and CLOSE commands.

Portions Copyright © 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 by AT&T. Portions Copyright © 1995-1997, Eric Young until the third edition is published some time in 2000. Passing DOS Filenames to Kermit from the Shell 1.12. In the new file i/o system, which can be used simultaneously with the old one, all commands are grouped together under the new FILE keyword, and some related functions and variables are added.

Like the book , this file concentrates on the aspects of C-Kermit that are common to all versions: UNIX, VMS, Windows, OS/2, VOS, AOS/VS, etc. FILE command errors can be caught with IF FAIL after the FILE command.

Please refer to your Kermit 95 documentation for information that is specific to Kermit 95. "C-Kermit" refers to all the many programs that are compiled in whole or in part from common C-language source code, comprising: and several others. In addition, the \v(f_error) variable is set to the completion code of the command: 0 if no error, or a negative number if there was an error. The command to open a file is: Opens a file for the type of access specified by the switches, or for read-only access if no switches are given.

These "system-independent" modules are combined with system-dependent modules for each platform to provide the required input/output functions, and also in some cases overlaid with an alternative user interface, such as Macintosh Kermit's point-and-click interface, and in some cases also a terminal emulator, as Kermit 95. Upon success, a channel number is assigned to this file and stored in the given variable so you can refer to the open file in subsequent i/o commands.

If the "most recent update" shown above is long ago, contact Columbia University to see if there is a newer release. The well-known LOG, OPEN, READ, WRITE, and CLOSE commands have the following restrictions: The new file i/o system allows multiple files to be open at once, in any desired combination of modes (read/write/append) supported by the operating system, for line, block (record), or character i/o, for sequential or random access, using consistent syntax and conventions.

For further information, also see the The C-Kermit license was rewritten for version 7.0 to grant automatic permission to packagers of free operating-system distributions to include C-Kermit 7.0. The new system, however, does not replace the old one, since the old system still must be used for: The new system works only with regular files, not with commands or pipes or mailboxes or pseudoterminals.

Examples include Linux (GNU/Linux), Free BSD, Net BSD, etc. TXT file, and is also displayed by C-Kermit itself when you give the VERSION or COPYRIGHT command. No special provisions are made in the FILE commands for handling devices or network connections, nor for preventing you from trying to open them; if the underlying operating system treats them like regular stream disk files, the FILE commands (except, of course SEEK, REWIND, and COUNT) might work with them.

The new C-Kermit license does not apply to Kermit 95. (In C programming terms, the FILE commands are, at present, nothing more than a front end to The keyword specifies the function: FILE OPEN, FILE READ, FILE WRITE, FILE CLOSE, etc.